Anatomy of Drugs

ANATOMY

OF DRUGS

Iwan Febriand Vegan  and Cholila D.N

Drugs: behind the scene

Did You Mean Drugs? Oh, No!

In the story of 2000 SM, Samarian society recognized the Opion (then known as Opium = Addict = Papavor Somniferitum). Opion’s growth areas extend in India, China, and the other country in Asia.

At 1806, a doctor from Westphalia, Friedrich Wilhelim Serturner, found a modification of Opion mingled with ammonia becomes Morphine (inspired by name of Greek Morpheus, Morphius).

At the time of generation war in USA at 1856, Morphine became very popular, it utilized for paregoric bodily injury fight. But some prisoners were “addicted” and that disease was referred as “Military Disease”.

In London at 1874, Alder Wright, a chemistry and laborer, boiled Morphine liquid with Anhydrate acid. The mixing had an effect when it given to dog. The dog scared, face down warded, felt sleepy, and vomited. But at 1898 “Bayer” a medicine factory produced the medicine named Heroin, as a pain killer.

Few years later, the world center that spreading addict is “Golden Triangle” areas, which including Myanmar, Thailand & Laos. Golden Triangle produces 700 thousand ton every year. As well as Golden Triangle, “Golden Crescent” areas, that are Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan, exported their products to African and America.

Besides Morphine & Heroin there is also other type. It is Cocaine (Ery Throxylor Coca) coming from plant of coca which grow in Peru and Bolivia. It is usually used for healing Asthma and Tuberculosis.

After that time and until now, level pressure of human life mounts progressively with technology support, hence given by a special mixture can also in the form of drugs.

As well as we known, in this millennium century, many people abuse drugs. That made a lot of young generation lost their future because their life suspended of drugs forever. There are a lot of people who thinks that using drugs is a prestige. But one important thing, drugs is out of fashion and not cool anymore.

Kinds of drugs

Drugs have three variety. They are Narcotics, Psycotropic, and Adictive. Narcotics is coming from synthetic, semi-synthetic and also non-synthetic plant. Drugs that include of Narcotics are Marijuana, Opiat or Opioid, and Cocaine. Narcotic can caused delirium, lessens until eliminating pain in bone taste and can generate dependency. Psycotropic is a medicine, nature or synthetic which isn’t psycoactive narcotics. Both Ecstassy and Shabu-shabu are Psycotropic. And adictive is a synthetic substance that the usage can caused addict phisically and psychologically. Addictives is legal drugs if applied as tranquilizer, but it must have medication order from doctor. Its examples are Lexotan, Sedative, Rohipynol, Dumolid, etc.

Marijuana comes from plant Cannabis sativa. Its popular name is cimeng or gele. Marijuana earns is in the form of cannabis, hashish, or dried. The usage is mixed with tobacco, sipped like cigarette, or edible for food-stuff. Marijuana caused. Opiat or Opioid comes from opium flower and earns is in the form of powder. It’s also called putaw, pt or etep. Its usually apply in injected, mixed with cigarette, burned, or breathed like smoke. It makes individual aggressive, destructive and diarrhea. Cocaine comes from coca leaves formed to become white powder or crystal. Utility by the way of injected, sipped through exhalation organ, or burned then sipped through the mouth. It caused hyperactive, labile, depression, and insomnia.

Almost entire people had known extaschy and shabu-shabu. Extaschy which formed in tablet and capsule, comes from synthetic amphetamine. High doses either over doses of amphetamine will affect psychological condition and caused stiff. Shabu-shabu (synthetic) is artificial aphrodisiac type coming from amphetamine. This drug is in the form of white crystal like alum which is easy dissolved. People used by swallowing with drinking water, injected, or sipped by Bong. Easy getting tired, paranoid and insomnia are shabu-shabu’s impacts.

Worst Impact

Impacts of using drugs are simply different from each drug. Effect happened at someone who has used Marijuana that is eyes become squeezing, drought mouth, and appetite increases. Psychical effect generated is feeling happy, self-confidence increases, easy going and feels balmy, loss of concentration, motivation decreases.

If consumer stop usage of this drug, hence consumer will experience headache, amentia, self-confidence declines, loses control, apathy, lazy, depression, jumpy. Disease generated by carbon monoxide matter at smoker Cannabis that is cancer, exhalation trouble.

Someone who is using Opium will experience nausea symptom (at overdose), itchy, difficult to defecate, light, drawn, sleepy, difficult of concentration because degradation of recall after usage.

Psychical effect generated that is peace feeling, feeling of free of having cold feet or pain, feeling likes, warm and desire likes cheerful, and becomes addiction. If stopping usage at this drug will experience nausea, vomit, diarrhea, nose and eye haves water, often evaporates, sneeze and sweaty, ill taste at muscle, bone and articulation, Trembles, chilled, difficult to sleep, easy to fulminate, and acts aggressive.

Someone characteristic who has used Cocaine that is more energetic, nausea, haves a loose tongue, heart palpitates, rising blood pressure, abundant sweaty, feels chilled. Psychical Effect experienced by intern alia consumer: Hyperactive, feeling likes, self-confidence increases, sexual activity increased, volatility, aggressive, and difficult to breed. If usage is stopped consumer will experience depression, fatigue feeling, drawn, lose heart, and sleep pattern trouble (insomnia), dream trouble increases, hallucination.

Characteristic experienced by consumer after usage of ecstasy that is sweating, drought mouth, blood pressure and heart tick increases, eye haves water, hyperactive, loss of appetite, nausea, vomit and feeling is not safe. Psychical effect generated if standard usage doses: loss of appetite, happy and easy going feeling, energetic and warm. Usage at high dose generates feeling to depress, panic, confuses, suspicious, and cannot sleep. Symptom will generated if over dose that is loss of appetite, hallucination, improvement of heartbeat, which is below par, and spastics.

Consumer shabu-shabu will experience drought mouth, sweating, and body activity increases after usage. Psychical effect generated from usage of this drug that is feeling happy, energy increases, healthy feeling, in command and believe herself/himself, concentration of increasing, appetite declines, insomnia, and will experience hallucination. If usage is stopped consumer will experience worn-out, unable to motivated, light, fear which abundant (Paranoid), abundant emotion.

Drugs representing narcotics, psychotropic addictives substance which if consumed will bring bad impact to system work brain (nerve formation center). Certainly, the impacts are damages of body organ—for instance, hemorrhage to brain—and psychological impact (for instance, soul trouble and mental backwardness). Moreover the worst impact to human body were exhalation trouble, such as lung cancer, lung swells, breakdown the mucous membrane, heart trouble, hypertension, renal failure and death kidney cell (also red blood cell), and HIV/AIDS.

In Malaysia, drugs recognized by “dadah”, its function to groan system limbic, and to supply enjoy feeling everywhere. That dangerous substance yield high permitted feeling is molecule biochemistry at brain cells (called neuron-transmitter). Too much consuming these drugs will cause strong-nature depending, and affect pattern live situation. drugs also caused OD (over doses), which ended with death.

“OD can cause death, because of brain nerve damage. If we consumed drugs we will destroy our system limbic”, according to BNN chief, Brigjenpol Drs. Mudji Waluyo, SH MH.

Drugs consumer possibly apply drugs periodically in their life. At young age is trial and during stripper as pain killer. Drugs consumer, for instance teenager, have a big curiosity to drugs, which the major factor. They always want to try and explore new things, though it gives them bad impact. Environment is also affecting somebody to uses drugs. ‘Bad association ruins the good character’, two thousand years later then, that statement still influence society opinion. Swiftly, we often blame ‘coeval friend’ if a good child becoming naughty.

Some teenager drug consumers use drugs to “have fun”, “forget problems for a while” or to eliminate misery and un-lucky. Sometimes, drugs consumer use drugs as pain taste bargainer—due to lighten physical pain taste, as a therapy to overcome worrying, fear, and depression. Other factor was tradition in a society, which uses drugs as part of religious ceremony.

Level drugs usage can be indicated by such indicator, for instances, drugs doses. The first was Experiment (trial); consumer tried on drugs counted once or several times in a relatively short time for then desists. This step called “experimental use of drugs”, where they wish to get experience. In general, myth applies drugs to mean feels remarkable enjoyment. The following level was social/recreational. At this phase, a more regular consumer uses drugs and applies one or some drugs lonely or together. Sprouts a solidarity at the other fellow suffered drugs user community.

Then continuing into Conditional level, where consumer usually use drugs in depress situation, in a state of stress is increasing, like disappointed failed test, to eliminate feeling small and hesitating, leaved lover, etc. But at this phase already pattern behavior of repetition of dealing with the condition. Consumer risk for addictive, more happened at this phase. The next level was Intensive; frequency and dose increases, generates poisoned as effort to reach satisfaction and hobby. Main reason usually lessens feeling to not good, especially: worries, disappointed, sorrowful, and depression. Besides applied for self-satisfy by ill temperament, hobby, or overcomes problem. Frequently entangles drugs for trouble-shooting to make this habit good for stabilizing feeling.

Last terrible level was Addicted. Patient has difficult to stop the usage of drugs since have already happened addict which has taken place stripper. It can make dependency in the form of physical and psychical. At this phase, patient usually consumes drugs to avoid ill feeling and depression. There even exist which the user abuses it as a means of irrational.

Targeting group of spread

According to statistical data BNN (Badan Narkotika Nasional), from 3,5 millions drugs user, 70% among them were in 15-25 years old, less than 5 years old is 5%, and while up to 25 years old is 25%. Considering they still in productive age, the entire narcotics user must be given motivation.

In Jakarta, there are 4 millions drugs user. 70% among them were in school age (14-20 years old). The drugs user is 4% from entire students, approximately 4-6 millions children. In 2006, there are 3.247 cases in elementary school, increasing 1200% from 2001. In Junior High School, 6.632 cases increasing 262%. In Senior High School, there are 20.977 cases which increasing 700%. And in college increasing 240% with 799 cases.

The amount of other drugs user, for instance, farmer, and private sector are increasing every year.

According to RS Hasan Sadikin (RSHS) in Bandung, 93% injecting drugs user (IDU) incurred Hepatitis C and 85% were HIV/AIDS. Dinas Kesehatan West Java Province noted until March 2008 there are 3.494 HIV/AIDS cases that 1857 AIDS cases and 1636 HIV positive cases. About 68% caused by usage of injecting syringe.

Referring of data above, we can identify tends of drugs consumer and the impact for young generation in the future. One of case reflects hot issue. Imagine if there is nothing effectively maintaining of law enforcement, spread of drugs will influence mostly young generation.

Solutions: Beyond of drugs

There is nothing fixed and quickly solution. Nevertheless, the most important, we must agree on drugs and narcotics are threat for entire people.

One of law enforcement strategy for solving drugs problems is Government Regulation No. 19 year 2003 about prohibition order of cigarette’s advertisement on television, at 5.00 pm – 9.30 pm. Other regulation is Law on Child Protection No. 23 year 2002 about respecting, protecting, fulfilling rights to live and grow with optimal. Section 59 affirmed that government obligation to protect children from addictives.

Regulation implementing

Awareness building to young

To protect threat of drugs within management as effectively soread of drugs between ind and other countries. Because, drugs include narcotics are extra-ordinary crime. So, we need workship with interpol in global level.

Contribution of Media, how to mediating role of engagement between media including journalist, reporter, and media consumer.

Key word :

Beyond drugs

Forbidden Mafioso

Gambling of  behaviour

Drugs and corrupt

Drugs and poverty

*) Iwan Febriand Vegan and her doughter Cholila D. N ( student colledge in University of Indonesia) are family concerned dealing with a lot of issues, since security defense, intelligence, economic development, limnology, music and performing art, architecture and technology, Symbolic anthropology and Humanistic Sociology. Living in the spirit of place Jln Atang Sanjaya No. 7B Belakang Indomaret Kampong Lumbung semplak Barat Bogor 16114, Hp. 081317942168

ANATOMY

OF DRUGS

Iwan Febriand Vegan  and Cholila D.N

Drugs: behind the scene

Did You Mean Drugs? Oh, No!

In the story of 2000 SM, Samarian society recognized the Opion (then known as Opium = Addict = Papavor Somniferitum). Opion’s growth areas extend in India, China, and the other country in Asia.

At 1806, a doctor from Westphalia, Friedrich Wilhelim Serturner, found a modification of Opion mingled with ammonia becomes Morphine (inspired by name of Greek Morpheus, Morphius).

At the time of generation war in USA at 1856, Morphine became very popular, it utilized for paregoric bodily injury fight. But some prisoners were “addicted” and that disease was referred as “Military Disease”.

In London at 1874, Alder Wright, a chemistry and laborer, boiled Morphine liquid with Anhydrate acid. The mixing had an effect when it given to dog. The dog scared, face down warded, felt sleepy, and vomited. But at 1898 “Bayer” a medicine factory produced the medicine named Heroin, as a pain killer.

Few years later, the world center that spreading addict is “Golden Triangle” areas, which including Myanmar, Thailand & Laos. Golden Triangle produces 700 thousand ton every year. As well as Golden Triangle, “Golden Crescent” areas, that are Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan, exported their products to African and America.

Besides Morphine & Heroin there is also other type. It is Cocaine (Ery Throxylor Coca) coming from plant of coca which grow in Peru and Bolivia. It is usually used for healing Asthma and Tuberculosis.

After that time and until now, level pressure of human life mounts progressively with technology support, hence given by a special mixture can also in the form of drugs.

As well as we known, in this millennium century, many people abuse drugs. That made a lot of young generation lost their future because their life suspended of drugs forever. There are a lot of people who thinks that using drugs is a prestige. But one important thing, drugs is out of fashion and not cool anymore.

Kinds of drugs

Drugs have three variety. They are Narcotics, Psycotropic, and Adictive. Narcotics is coming from synthetic, semi-synthetic and also non-synthetic plant. Drugs that include of Narcotics are Marijuana, Opiat or Opioid, and Cocaine. Narcotic can caused delirium, lessens until eliminating pain in bone taste and can generate dependency. Psycotropic is a medicine, nature or synthetic which isn’t psycoactive narcotics. Both Ecstassy and Shabu-shabu are Psycotropic. And adictive is a synthetic substance that the usage can caused addict phisically and psychologically. Addictives is legal drugs if applied as tranquilizer, but it must have medication order from doctor. Its examples are Lexotan, Sedative, Rohipynol, Dumolid, etc.

Marijuana comes from plant Cannabis sativa. Its popular name is cimeng or gele. Marijuana earns is in the form of cannabis, hashish, or dried. The usage is mixed with tobacco, sipped like cigarette, or edible for food-stuff. Marijuana caused. Opiat or Opioid comes from opium flower and earns is in the form of powder. It’s also called putaw, pt or etep. Its usually apply in injected, mixed with cigarette, burned, or breathed like smoke. It makes individual aggressive, destructive and diarrhea. Cocaine comes from coca leaves formed to become white powder or crystal. Utility by the way of injected, sipped through exhalation organ, or burned then sipped through the mouth. It caused hyperactive, labile, depression, and insomnia.

Almost entire people had known extaschy and shabu-shabu. Extaschy which formed in tablet and capsule, comes from synthetic amphetamine. High doses either over doses of amphetamine will affect psychological condition and caused stiff. Shabu-shabu (synthetic) is artificial aphrodisiac type coming from amphetamine. This drug is in the form of white crystal like alum which is easy dissolved. People used by swallowing with drinking water, injected, or sipped by Bong. Easy getting tired, paranoid and insomnia are shabu-shabu’s impacts.

Worst Impact

Impacts of using drugs are simply different from each drug. Effect happened at someone who has used Marijuana that is eyes become squeezing, drought mouth, and appetite increases. Psychical effect generated is feeling happy, self-confidence increases, easy going and feels balmy, loss of concentration, motivation decreases.

If consumer stop usage of this drug, hence consumer will experience headache, amentia, self-confidence declines, loses control, apathy, lazy, depression, jumpy. Disease generated by carbon monoxide matter at smoker Cannabis that is cancer, exhalation trouble.

Someone who is using Opium will experience nausea symptom (at overdose), itchy, difficult to defecate, light, drawn, sleepy, difficult of concentration because degradation of recall after usage.

Psychical effect generated that is peace feeling, feeling of free of having cold feet or pain, feeling likes, warm and desire likes cheerful, and becomes addiction. If stopping usage at this drug will experience nausea, vomit, diarrhea, nose and eye haves water, often evaporates, sneeze and sweaty, ill taste at muscle, bone and articulation, Trembles, chilled, difficult to sleep, easy to fulminate, and acts aggressive.

Someone characteristic who has used Cocaine that is more energetic, nausea, haves a loose tongue, heart palpitates, rising blood pressure, abundant sweaty, feels chilled. Psychical Effect experienced by intern alia consumer: Hyperactive, feeling likes, self-confidence increases, sexual activity increased, volatility, aggressive, and difficult to breed. If usage is stopped consumer will experience depression, fatigue feeling, drawn, lose heart, and sleep pattern trouble (insomnia), dream trouble increases, hallucination.

Characteristic experienced by consumer after usage of ecstasy that is sweating, drought mouth, blood pressure and heart tick increases, eye haves water, hyperactive, loss of appetite, nausea, vomit and feeling is not safe. Psychical effect generated if standard usage doses: loss of appetite, happy and easy going feeling, energetic and warm. Usage at high dose generates feeling to depress, panic, confuses, suspicious, and cannot sleep. Symptom will generated if over dose that is loss of appetite, hallucination, improvement of heartbeat, which is below par, and spastics.

Consumer shabu-shabu will experience drought mouth, sweating, and body activity increases after usage. Psychical effect generated from usage of this drug that is feeling happy, energy increases, healthy feeling, in command and believe herself/himself, concentration of increasing, appetite declines, insomnia, and will experience hallucination. If usage is stopped consumer will experience worn-out, unable to motivated, light, fear which abundant (Paranoid), abundant emotion.

Drugs representing narcotics, psychotropic addictives substance which if consumed will bring bad impact to system work brain (nerve formation center). Certainly, the impacts are damages of body organ—for instance, hemorrhage to brain—and psychological impact (for instance, soul trouble and mental backwardness). Moreover the worst impact to human body were exhalation trouble, such as lung cancer, lung swells, breakdown the mucous membrane, heart trouble, hypertension, renal failure and death kidney cell (also red blood cell), and HIV/AIDS.

In Malaysia, drugs recognized by “dadah”, its function to groan system limbic, and to supply enjoy feeling everywhere. That dangerous substance yield high permitted feeling is molecule biochemistry at brain cells (called neuron-transmitter). Too much consuming these drugs will cause strong-nature depending, and affect pattern live situation. drugs also caused OD (over doses), which ended with death.

“OD can cause death, because of brain nerve damage. If we consumed drugs we will destroy our system limbic”, according to BNN chief, Brigjenpol Drs. Mudji Waluyo, SH MH.

Drugs consumer possibly apply drugs periodically in their life. At young age is trial and during stripper as pain killer. Drugs consumer, for instance teenager, have a big curiosity to drugs, which the major factor. They always want to try and explore new things, though it gives them bad impact. Environment is also affecting somebody to uses drugs. ‘Bad association ruins the good character’, two thousand years later then, that statement still influence society opinion. Swiftly, we often blame ‘coeval friend’ if a good child becoming naughty.

Some teenager drug consumers use drugs to “have fun”, “forget problems for a while” or to eliminate misery and un-lucky. Sometimes, drugs consumer use drugs as pain taste bargainer—due to lighten physical pain taste, as a therapy to overcome worrying, fear, and depression. Other factor was tradition in a society, which uses drugs as part of religious ceremony.

Level drugs usage can be indicated by such indicator, for instances, drugs doses. The first was Experiment (trial); consumer tried on drugs counted once or several times in a relatively short time for then desists. This step called “experimental use of drugs”, where they wish to get experience. In general, myth applies drugs to mean feels remarkable enjoyment. The following level was social/recreational. At this phase, a more regular consumer uses drugs and applies one or some drugs lonely or together. Sprouts a solidarity at the other fellow suffered drugs user community.

Then continuing into Conditional level, where consumer usually use drugs in depress situation, in a state of stress is increasing, like disappointed failed test, to eliminate feeling small and hesitating, leaved lover, etc. But at this phase already pattern behavior of repetition of dealing with the condition. Consumer risk for addictive, more happened at this phase. The next level was Intensive; frequency and dose increases, generates poisoned as effort to reach satisfaction and hobby. Main reason usually lessens feeling to not good, especially: worries, disappointed, sorrowful, and depression. Besides applied for self-satisfy by ill temperament, hobby, or overcomes problem. Frequently entangles drugs for trouble-shooting to make this habit good for stabilizing feeling.

Last terrible level was Addicted. Patient has difficult to stop the usage of drugs since have already happened addict which has taken place stripper. It can make dependency in the form of physical and psychical. At this phase, patient usually consumes drugs to avoid ill feeling and depression. There even exist which the user abuses it as a means of irrational.

Targeting group of spread

According to statistical data BNN (Badan Narkotika Nasional), from 3,5 millions drugs user, 70% among them were in 15-25 years old, less than 5 years old is 5%, and while up to 25 years old is 25%. Considering they still in productive age, the entire narcotics user must be given motivation.

In Jakarta, there are 4 millions drugs user. 70% among them were in school age (14-20 years old). The drugs user is 4% from entire students, approximately 4-6 millions children. In 2006, there are 3.247 cases in elementary school, increasing 1200% from 2001. In Junior High School, 6.632 cases increasing 262%. In Senior High School, there are 20.977 cases which increasing 700%. And in college increasing 240% with 799 cases.

The amount of other drugs user, for instance, farmer, and private sector are increasing every year.

According to RS Hasan Sadikin (RSHS) in Bandung, 93% injecting drugs user (IDU) incurred Hepatitis C and 85% were HIV/AIDS. Dinas Kesehatan West Java Province noted until March 2008 there are 3.494 HIV/AIDS cases that 1857 AIDS cases and 1636 HIV positive cases. About 68% caused by usage of injecting syringe.

Referring of data above, we can identify tends of drugs consumer and the impact for young generation in the future. One of case reflects hot issue. Imagine if there is nothing effectively maintaining of law enforcement, spread of drugs will influence mostly young generation.

Solutions: Beyond of drugs

There is nothing fixed and quickly solution. Nevertheless, the most important, we must agree on drugs and narcotics are threat for entire people.

One of law enforcement strategy for solving drugs problems is Government Regulation No. 19 year 2003 about prohibition order of cigarette’s advertisement on television, at 5.00 pm – 9.30 pm. Other regulation is Law on Child Protection No. 23 year 2002 about respecting, protecting, fulfilling rights to live and grow with optimal. Section 59 affirmed that government obligation to protect children from addictives.

Regulation implementing

Awareness building to young

To protect threat of drugs within management as effectively soread of drugs between ind and other countries. Because, drugs include narcotics are extra-ordinary crime. So, we need workship with interpol in global level.

Contribution of Media, how to mediating role of engagement between media including journalist, reporter, and media consumer.

Key word :

Beyond drugs

Forbidden Mafioso

Gambling of  behaviour

Drugs and corrupt

Drugs and poverty

*) Iwan Febriand Vegan and her doughter Cholila D. N ( student in University of Indonesia) are family concerned dealing with a lot of issues, since security defense, intelligence, economic development, limnology, music and performing art, architecture and technology, Symbolic anthropology and Humanistic Sociology. Living in the spirit of place Jln Atang Sanjaya No. 7B Belakang Indomaret Kampong Lumbung semplak Barat Bogor 16114, Hp. 081317942168

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